I’ve been as riveted as the rest of the world as the Arab Spring continues, spilling out in north Africa before hitting the first storm breaks in Tripoli and now Bahrain. I’ve written earlier about the nearly-neglected democratic crises in Haiti and the Ivory Coast, but today I was caught totally unaware by the recent presidential election in Niger, a country geographically centered between Libya and the Ivory Coast.
Just over a year ago, Niger’s president attempted to amend the constitution in his favor resulting in an eviction notice from the military. Now, the military is holding to its promise to hand power back to civilian control, specifically to the winner of what looks like a mostly free run-off election. General Djibo is quoted as being thrilled to return to his post as a humble soldier. Importantly he has also “appeal[ed] to the two candidates that they respect the outcome…and the loser accepts his defeat.” No Ivory Coast shenanigans here.
So here we see yet another example of my earlier stated thesis that a focus on divorcing the military from civilian leaders allows for successful evolutions into democratic governance. To add more support one only need to look at Yemen where the top general, Ali Mohsen, has declared his support for the protesters despite personal and tribal ties to President Saleh, prompting the prognosticators to move his retirement date up. Saleh is by no means out, he and his family still directly command various elite, well trained Republican Guards and his role in the War on Terror guarantees some awkward shuffling by western leaders. Still, it seems his tenure is nearly up with tanks ringing the protesters in his capital pointing out rather than in.
When the top leader does not have personal control over the dogs of war, they are less likely to slip the leash. Countries like Bahrain, Syria and Iran (as well as China, North Korea, Myanmar, and even it seems Gaza) are unlikely to truly see change due to mass uprisings so long as their generals do not feel independent. It is in democracy-loving peoples interest to focus less on pushing top-down government reform and instead urge independent military control. While an independent military may not be a sign of stability, such as in Thailand’s numerous coups or Turkey’s tumultuous past, they are able to respond as a counter-weight to any great accumulation of power.
Media type: Online news
Title: Niger votes in presidential run-off
Read it at: http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/03/201131216474436974.html